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Stress and Coping Strategies during Residency Training: Survey of a Teaching Hospital in Southwestern Nigeria

Abstract


Background Information: Residents in developing countries work under difficult physical and social conditions and therefore examining stress is important when addressing social and mental well-being, quality of care, working conditions and self fulfillment.

Methodology: This was a cross sectional descriptive study carried out in LAUTECH Teaching Hospital, Ogbomoso using a semi structured pre-tested questionnaire. All residents were included but those on outside posting were excluded. No sampling was carried out. Data was analysed using SPSS version 17.

Results: Majority of respondents 32 (47.8%) felt the volume of academic work is the main stressor, others perceived that clinical and field work 31(46.3%), Harassment 18 (26.9%), family responsibility 13 (19.4%) and fear of failure 6 (9.0%) were stressors to them in their residency training. Also, more males coped with stress through self encouragement and by the presence of an understanding and supportive senior while more females coped with stress with the help of friends and involvement with religious activities

Conclusion: The consequence of work place related stress could be grave which could lead to decrease efficiency and overall poor performance. Therefore, making the workplace conducive for residents training would in the long run benefit both the service provider and the patients.


Keywords

stress, coping strategies, residency training, teaching hospital

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