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Stakeholders’ Perception on Public Participation Programme in Promoting Urban Development in Nigeria


Urban planning often involved controversial decisions, thus, requires the participation of stakeholders and citizens leading to more acceptable and legitimise solutions. Public participation exercise, however, is futile if it is not functional for planning and meaningful to the public. Functional participation means better planning decisions while meaningful participation creates opportunities for public to influence decisions leading to a sense of ownership for the plan. This study aims to assess whether public participation programme (PPP) in urban planning is meaningful to the community of Bida town, Nigeria. The study examines the stages of government-based public participation programme (PPP), namely; early, middle and last stage in the participatory process.344 questionnaires were administered using randomly sampling method to planning officers, traditional leaders, youth leaders, and household heads. Descriptive statistics using central tendency was adopted in the analysis. Findings reveal that public are predominantly involved at the early stage, while the other two stages have no significant citizens engagement. The study suggests areas to improve public participation and invariably would help practitioners and law-makers in designing effective plan for public participation programme in urban development.


Stakeholders, Participation, Urban Development, Bida, Nigeria

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