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Assessing the Effect of Flood Menace on the Community Well-being in Bunyala, Busia County, Kenya

Abstract


Flooding has been singled out as the most common in Bunyala Sub-County of all the environmental hazards that have continued to pose tremendous danger to people’s lives and property. As such, members of these communities are hardly capable of averting and or managing the impacts of disasters facing them. This study aimed at examining the root causes of persistent floods and strategic community- based interventions in Bunyala Sub-County, and how community coping mechanisms affect the community’s well-being. The researcher used a descriptive research design through which the exact condition of Bunyala Sub-County was established in a cross-sectional manner. Data was collected through interviews with key informants, administration of semi-structured questionnaires to household, as well as through discussions in focus groups. The researcher used household as the definite analysis unit. Hence, 384 households were selected as the sample size for the study. Data analysis entailed its cleaning, coding and input into SPSS 11.5 version spread sheet for descriptive statistical analysis.  Results showed that flooding effects were significantly higher during the flood season such as destruction of social amenities, houses, productive and non-productive assets though the benefit of living in the floodplains outweighs associated flooding risk.


Keywords

Flood, effects and community well-being

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