Business Incubators in the Triple Helix Model: An Example in Brazilian Southeastern
This article reports the specific contribution of a higher education institution active in the engineering areas, as a link between the members of the triple helix constitutions in the Electronics Valley. It presents the trajectory and the results of an incubator of companies constituted as an integral part of the entrepreneurship nucleus of the teaching institution object of the research. Through exploratory, descriptive, documentary and field research, reciprocity is perceived between the educational agent, the technological pole and the community present in the environment. The results of this work point to the existence of theoretical and practical learning aimed at entrepreneurship in the study institution, the incubator trajectory and the performance of the incubation program, whose survival rate is above the national average. However, there is a decrease in the incubation movement registered in recent years, and the discontinuity of a significant number of incubators in Brazil shows a decline in the face of growing economies. In fact, it was verified in the research that the occupation of the spaces destined to the incubation of companies of the incubator was limited to half of its effective capacity. The incubator relationships were identified in the triple-helix model by means of the insertion of graduated companies. It was also observed in the incubation processes the preponderance of the activities of creation of new businesses on the researches directed to the innovations. The university-enterprise interface was perceived as a little discussed issue in the literature consulted. The need for efforts by the academic community aimed at this construct is instigated by this aspect.
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