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Epidemiological and Environmental Studies on Intestinal Helminthes among Dwellers of Hausari 1 Ward, Michika Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria

Abstract


A total of 356 stool samples were examined for intestinal helminthes. Out of this figure, 122 (34.3%) were infected with six (Ascaris lumbricoides, S. mansoni, H. nana, S. stercoralis, hook worm and Taenia) types of parasites. Males 70(43.2%)were more infected than their female, 52 (26.8%) counterparts However, subjects belonging to 41and above, 25 (47.2%) year age group were the most infected while the least was recorded amongst those within 36-40, 3(11.5%) year age group. Considering occupation, traders (51.9%) had the highest rate of infection closely followed by farmers (46.5%), while the civil servants (29.8%) had the lowest. Chi-square test showed that there was association between occupation and helminth infections (p˃0.05). In relation to method of waste disposal, those that were defecating in the bush (61.5%) had the highest rate of infection over those who used pit toilet (33.1%) and water system (40%). Chi-square analysis revealed a significant difference between the rate of infection and method of waste disposal (P˂0.05) Also a high rate of infection was observed among those who used well (44.4%) as their source of water while those who used bore hole (26.6%) had the least infection rate, and there was association between the infection rate and source of water (P˃0.05)


Keywords

Intestinal helminthes, Habits, Environment, Michika, Adamawa, Nigeria

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